Health is most vital factor for living systems, it is important that every living body should retain physical, mental, social and ecological well-being. The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming, processing, distribution, or consumption, is to sustain and enhance the health of ecosystems and organisms starting from the smallest in the soil to ultimate consumer.
The main motto of this principle is “that production is to be based on ecological processes and recycling”. Organic agriculture should accomplish ecological balance through the design of farming systems, establishment of habitats and maintenance of genetic and agricultural diversity. People who produce, process, trade, or consume organic products should protect and benefit the common environment including landscapes, climate, habitats, biodiversity, air and water.
This principle emphasizes that organic production, processing and distribution should be on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities, which is characterized by equity, respect, justice and stewardship of the shared world, both among people and in their relations to other living beings.
Practitioners of organic production and distribution can enhance efficiency and increase productivity, but this should not be at the risk of jeopardizing health and well-being. This principle states that precaution and responsibility are the key concerns in management, development and technology choices in organic agriculture.